Installation of tapered roller bearings and water pump shaft bearings
1. Bearing installation: The bearing installation must be carried out in a dry and clean environment. Before installation, carefully check the processing quality of the mating surface of the shaft and the housing, the end surface of the shoulder, the groove and the connecting surface. All mating connecting surfaces must be carefully cleaned and deburred, and the unprocessed surface of the casting must be cleaned of sand. The bearings should be cleaned with gasoline or kerosene before installation, and used after drying, and ensure good lubrication. The bearings are generally lubricated with grease, but can also be lubricated with oil. When grease lubrication is used, greases with excellent performance such as no impurities, anti-oxidation, anti-rust, and extreme pressure should be selected. The amount of grease filled is 30%-60% of the volume of the bearing and the bearing box, and should not be too much. The sealed double-row tapered roller bearing and the water pump shaft bearing have been filled with grease and can be used directly by the user without cleaning. When the bearing is installed, equal pressure must be applied to the circumference of the end face of the ring to press the ring in. It is not allowed to directly knock the end face of the bearing with a tool such as a head to avoid damage to the bearing. In the case of small interference, the end face of the bearing ring can be pressed with a sleeve at room temperature, and the sleeve can be beaten with a shovel to press the ring in evenly through the sleeve. If installed in large quantities, hydraulic presses can be used. When pressing, ensure that the end face of the outer ring and the shoulder end face of the housing, and the end face of the inner ring and the shaft shoulder end face are pressed tightly, and no gap is allowed. When the interference is large, it can be installed by oil bath heating or induction heating bearing method. The heating temperature range is 80℃-100℃, and the highest can not exceed 120℃. At the same time, nuts or other appropriate methods should be used to tighten the bearing to prevent the bearing from shrinking in the width direction after cooling and causing a gap between the ring and the shoulder. The final clearance of the single-row tapered roller bearing should be adjusted after installation. The clearance value should be specifically determined according to different operating conditions and the size of the matching interference. If necessary, it should be tested to determine. The double-row tapered roller bearings and the water pump shaft bearing have been adjusted to the clearance before leaving the factory, so there is no need to adjust them during installation. After the bearing is installed, a rotation test should be carried out. First, it is used for the rotating shaft or bearing box. If there is no abnormality, the power is used for no-load and low-speed operation, and then the rotation speed and load are gradually increased according to the operation situation, and the noise, vibration and temperature rise are detected. If abnormality is found, stop the operation and check. It can be delivered to use only after the operation test is normal. 2. Disassembly of the bearing: When the bearing is to be used continuously after being dismantled, an appropriate disassembly tool should be used. When removing an interference fit ferrule, only the pulling force can be applied to the ferrule, and it is never allowed to transmit the disassembly force through the rolling elements, otherwise the rolling elements and raceways will be crushed. 3. The use environment of the bearing: according to the location of use, use conditions and environmental conditions, the selection of specifications, size and accuracy, and matching with appropriate bearings are the prerequisites to ensure the life and reliability of the bearings. 1. Part of use: Tapered roller bearings are suitable for bearing combined radial and axial loads based on radial loads. They are usually paired with two sets of bearings. They are mainly used for the front and rear hubs, active bevel gears, and differentials of automobiles. Transmission parts such as gearboxes and reducers. 2. Allowable speed: Under the condition of correct installation and good lubrication, it is allowed to be 0.3-0.5 times the limit speed of the bearing. Under normal circumstances, 0.2 times the limit speed is the most appropriate. 3. Allowable tilt angle: Generally, tapered roller bearings do not allow the shaft to tilt relative to the housing hole. If tilted, the maximum is not more than 2'. 4. Allowable temperature: Under normal load, the lubricant has high temperature resistance, and the lubrication is sufficient, the general bearing is allowed to work at an ambient temperature of -30℃-150℃.