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What are the causes of rolling bearing damage?

What are the causes of rolling bearing damage?

2022-07-22

Roller bearings may be damaged due to various reasons during operation, such as improper assembly, poor lubrication, moisture and foreign body intrusion, corrosion and overloading, etc., which may lead to premature bearing damage. Even if the installation, lubrication and maintenance are normal, after a period of operation, the jnsn bearing will experience fatigue spalling and wear and cannot work properly. The main failure forms and causes of rolling bearings are as follows:


1. Wear

Due to the intrusion of dust and foreign matter, the relative movement of the raceway and the rolling elements will cause surface wear, and poor lubrication will also increase the wear. As a result of the wear, the bearing clearance will increase, the surface roughness will increase, and the bearing running accuracy will be reduced. The motion accuracy of the machine is reduced, and the vibration and noise also increase.


2. Fatigue peeling

The inner and outer raceways of the rollingbearing and the surfaces of the rolling elements both bear the load and roll relative to each other. Due to the action of the alternating load, a crack is first formed at a certain depth below the surface (at the maximum shear stress), and then expands to the contact surface to cause the surface to peel off pits. Finally, it develops to large flakes, which is fatigue spalling. The test regulations stipulate that the wholesale bearing life is considered to end when a fatigue spalling pit with an area of 0.5mm2 appears on the raceway or rolling element.


3. Plastic deformation

When the custom bearing is subjected to excessive shock load or static load, or additional load caused by thermal deformation, or when foreign matter with high hardness invades, dents or scratches will be formed on the raceway surface. And once there is an indentation, the impact load caused by the indentation can further cause spalling of nearby surfaces.

4. Cage damage

Improper assembly or use may cause the cage to deform, increase the friction between it and the rolling elements, and even cause some rolling elements to be stuck and unable to roll, and may also cause friction between the cage and the inner and outer rings. This damage can further exacerbate vibration, noise and heat, resulting in bearing damage.


5. Rust

Direct intrusion of water or acid and alkaline substances will cause bearing corrosion. When the bearing stops working, the temperature of the bearing drops to the dew point, and the moisture in the air condenses into water droplets attached to the bearing surface will also cause rust. In addition, when there is current passing through the bearing wholesale, the current may pass through the contact points on the raceway and the rolling elements, and the thin oil film causes electric sparks to cause electrical corrosion, forming washboard-like unevenness on the surface.


6. Fracture

Excessive loads may cause bearing parts to break. Improper grinding, heat treatment and assembly can cause residual stress, and excessive thermal stress during operation can also cause bearing parts to break. In addition, improper assembly method and assembly process may also cause the bearing ring rib and roller chamfer to drop blocks.


7. Gluing

When working under the condition of poor lubrication and high speed and heavy load, the custom designed bearing parts can reach a very high temperature in a very short time due to friction and heat, resulting in surface burns and gluing. The so-called gluing refers to the phenomenon that the metal on the surface of one part adheres to the surface of another part.


Damage reasons: 1. Improper installation. 2. Poor lubrication. 3. Dust, metal chips and other pollution. 4. Fatigue damage.


Troubleshooting: If there are only rust traces and contamination impurities on the stainless steel bearing surface, use steam washing or detergent cleaning to remove rust and clean, and inject qualified grease after drying. If the inspection finds the seven common failure forms above the bearing, the bearing of the same type should be replaced.


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